As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
áfr Old Norse word can mean:
- (perh. better afr), m. [the r belongs to the root, cp. áir, f. pl.]
- 1. a beverage, Eg. 204, translated by Magnaeus by sorbitio avenacea, a sort of common ale brewed of oats; this explanation is confirmed by the Harbarðsljóð, verse 2, where Thor says, át ek í hvíld áðr ek heiman for sildr ok afra (acc. pl.), saðr em ek enn þess; the single vellum MS. (Cod. REg.) here reads hafra. In the Eg. 1. c., the Cod. Wolf, reads afra, the Cod. A. m. 132 afr, acc. sing.: cp. the passage LS. 3, where jöll seems to be the Scot. yill (v. Burns’ Country Lassie), and úfo in Cod. REg. a false spelling for áfr,—jöll ok áfr færi ek ása sonum, ok blend ek þeini svá meini mjöð: áfir, pronounced áir, now means buttermilk (used in Icel. instead of common beer): cp. also ábrystur, f. pl. curds of cow’s milk in the first week after the cow has calved; the milk is cooked and eaten warm and deemed a great dainty; opt eru heitar úbrcstur, Snot 299 (Ed. 1865).
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚠᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
Works & Authors cited:
- A. M.
- Egils Saga. (D. II.)
- Loka-senna. (A. I.)